The new age of globalization, information, and communications has prompted executives to seek innovative approaches to improve on capturing market leadership. The quest to execute on strategies in an efficient and effective manner has been, for the most part, an elusive goal for organizations in all aspects of business, government, and academia. In part this quest has been a challenge because executives have been unable to demonstrate success in achieving key operational objectives through proper implementation of strategic projects. Further, organizations have struggled in aligning their activities at the strategic level with their day to day tasks and the people who perform them. These challenges have been a primary driver behind the demand for the disciplined methods of identifying, quantifying, and prioritizing strategic initiatives in organizations both large and small.